The Russian tortoise (Agrionemys horsfieldii), also commonly known as the Afghan tortoise, the Central Asian tortoise, Horsfield’s tortoise, four-clawed tortoise, and the (Russian) steppe tortoise,is a threatened species of tortoise in the family Testudinidae.
The Russian tortoise is a small tortoise species, with a size range of 13–25 cm (5–10 in). Females grow slightly larger (15–25 cm [6–10 in]) to accommodate more eggs. Males average 13–20 cm (5–8 in).
In captivity, Russian tortoises’ diet typically consists of lamb’s lettuce, plantains and various other dark leafy greens. The diet should be varied and may include juvenile dandelions and different species of lettuce, though like many plants, they should be fed rarely due to potentially harmful side effects (for the former) or a lack of nutritional value (for the latter). Water is important for all species; the tortoise, being an arid species, will typically get water from their food, but they still need a constant supply. Tortoises should be soaked in warm water up to the mid shell. Tortoises typically empty their bowels in water to hide their scent; this is an instinct, and it also helps keep their enclosure cleaner.
Russian tortoises do not require a CITES Article X certificate.